Miguel Juan Sebastián Piñera Echenique (Santiago, 1 de diciembre de 1949) es un político, empresario e inversor chileno. Es el actual presidente de la República de Chile. Fue el primer presidente pro tempore de CELAC.
Hijo de José Piñera Carvallo, un funcionario público chileno que durante el gobierno del presidente demócrata cristiano Eduardo Frei Montalva se desempeñó como embajador, Sebastián Piñera estudió ingeniería comercial en la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile y, posteriormente, obtuvo un doctorado en economía en la Universidad de Harvard. Su vida ha estado ligada a los negocios y a la política.
En el ámbito financiero, es dueño de una de las mayores fortunas de su país, con un capital estimado de 2500 millones de dólares.Es el cuarto hombre más millonario del país, según la revista Forbes en 2013, obtenida principalmente a partir de inversiones bursátiles.
En el campo político, se desempeñó como senador de la República por la circunscripción Santiago-Oriente entre 1990 y 1998; posteriormente postuló en dos oportunidades a la presidencia de Chile: primero en 2005, siendo derrotado por la socialista Michelle Bachelet, y luego en 2009, donde gana, superando al demócrata-cristiano Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle, el 13 de diciembre de ese año y el 17 de enero de 2010, en primera y segunda vuelta, respectivamente. Militó durante veinte años en el partido de centroderecha Renovación Nacional, colectividad que llegó a presidir durante 2001-2004, pero de la cual se desligó antes de asumir la jefatura del Estado, cumpliendo con los estatutos del partido.
Piñera inició su mandato el 11 de marzo de 2010, como el primer presidente de derecha en ser elegido democráticamente desde 1958 y el primero en ejercicio desde que Augusto Pinochet dejara el cargo en 1990.
Miguel Juan Sebastián Piñera Echenique (born December 1, 1949) is a Chilean businessman and politician. He was elected President of Chile in January 2010, taking office in March 2010.
Piñera declared he voted No in the 1988 plebiscite on whether Augusto Pinochet should stay on power until 1997.
In 1988 as Pinochet had lost the referendum and Chile was returning to democracy Piñera offered his support for the Christian Democrat Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle in his pre-candidacy for president. Eduardo Frei Ruiz-Tagle was the son of former president Eduardo Frei Montalva whom had together with Piñera's father founded the Christian Democrat Party of Chile and had been appointed ambassador by Frei Montalva. However, in 1989 Sebastián Piñera headed the presidential campaign of Hernán Büchi, a former finance minister of the Pinochet government. During the same election process, Piñera was elected as Senator for East Santiago (1990–1998) and soon after, joined the center-right National Renewal Party. During his term as Senator he was a member of the Senate Finance Committee.
In 1992 Piñera's attempt to become his party's candidate for the following year's Presidential election dramatically ended after he was involved in a scandal known as Piñeragate, wherein a wiretapped conversation between himself and a friend was revealed during a political television show he attended.
In the conversation—made public by the television station's owner, Ricardo Claro—he conspired to have his rival for the party's nomination, Evelyn Matthei, cornered during the show by a journalist close to Piñera. The tape was then revealed to have been illegally recorded by a member of the military and given to Matthei, who then gave it to Claro. Matthei stepped down from the presidential race as well.
In 1998, Piñera opposed the arrest and detention of Augusto Pinochet, in London, initiated by Baltasar Garzón, arguing that it was an attack on the sovereignty and dignity of Chile. Piñera was president of his party from 2001 to 2004. He tried to run for Senator in 2001, but resigned his campaign after the presidential candidate of his alliance -and member of the allied party, the Independent Democratic Union (UDI)-, Joaquín Lavín made it clear he would not support candidates from Piñera's party, insisting on supporting retired Admiral Jorge Arancibia instead.
On May 14, 2005, in a surprise move Piñera announced his candidacy for the 2005 presidential election (RN was supposed to support UDI's Lavín.) He has described his political philosophy as Christian humanism.
In the first round of the election, on December 11, he obtained 25.4% of the vote, which placed him in second place. Since no candidate achieved an absolute majority, a runoff election was held on January 15, 2006, between himself and Michelle Bachelet of the governing coalition. Bachelet won the presidency with over 53% of the vote.
Piñera ran for President of Chile in the 2009-2010 election. Piñera became the first billionaire to be sworn into the Chilean Presidency. He offered to sell his shares in major corporations b efore being sworn in on March 11, 2010, in order to avoid conflicts of interest. Piñera has placed 400 million USD in blind trusts.