Poder Democrático Social (PODEMOS), es una agrupación ciudadana boliviana de derecha, creada el año 2005 en La Paz, dirigida por el ex-presidente Jorge Quiroga, a partir del partido político Acción Democrática Nacionalista (ADN) del fallecido Hugo Banzer, para afrontar las elecciones del mismo año, obteniendo una votación superior al 25% de los votos válidos computados.
También esta integrado por antiguos militantes del disuelto partido político Movimiento de Izquierda Revolucionaria (MIR).
El partido es de tendencia liberal-conservador y es opositor al gobierno del Presidente de Bolivia Evo Morales.
Presidente: Jorge Quiroga
Fundación: 1979 (Acción Democrática Nacionalista), 2005 (Poder Democrático Social)
Ideología política: Derecha, Conservadurismo, Liberalismo
Podemos is the name of a right-of-center, pro-business Bolivian political party. It is a pseudo-acronym standing for 'Poder Democrático y Social' (in English, Social and Democratic Power), but the word also means "We can."
Nationalist Democratic Action
Nationalist Democratic Action (in Spanish: Acción Democrática Nacionalista) was a right-wing party in Bolivia led by Jorge Quiroga. ADN was founded on March 23, 1979 by the military dictator Hugo Banzer after he stepped down from power. It later expanded to include the Revolutionary Left Party (PIR) and a faction of the Bolivian Socialist Falange (FSB). As leader of the ADN, Banzer ran in the 1979, 1980, 1985, 1989, 1993, and 1997 presidential elections.
He obtained third place in 1979 and 1980, and won a plurality of the 1985 vote, but, since he did not attain the 50% necessary for direct election, Congress (in accordance with the Bolivian Consititution) selected the chief executive. Its choice was the second-place finisher, Dr. Víctor Paz Estenssoro.
Finally, in 1997 Banzer Suárez achieved his dream of becoming constitutionally-elected President of Bolivia, at the age of 71. He was the first former dictator in Latin America's recent history to transition successfully to democratic politics and return to power by way of the ballot box. During his tenure, he launched, under the guidelines outlined by the United States, a program to fight drug-trafficking in Bolivia, which called for the eradication of coca, a controversial strategy.
He also had some trouble with the unions, but nonetheless did his best to rule in a conciliatory and non-arbitrary manner. In 2001 he was diagnosed with lung cancer, and even though he had earned a five-year term (he had himself agitated to legally enlarge the presidential term) Banzer resigned on August 7, 2001. He was succeeded by his Vice-President, Jorge Quiroga. Banzer's health declined rapidly thereafter, and he died on May 5, 2002.
Quiroga then became leader and heir apparent of the ADN, but when he ran for President in the 2005 elections, he did so as the candidate for a new right-of-center coalition known as Social and Democratic Power (PODEMOS), comprising the bulk of Banzer's former ADN organization.
Change of name, from ADN to PODEMOS
Podemos is in fact the continuation of the Acción Democrática Nacionalista (ADN) of former president Hugo Banzer. Upon Banzer's death in 2002, former president Jorge Quiroga (2001-2002) became leader of the ADN, but apparently concluded that the name of the party was too associated with the life and thought of the ex-dictator.
Thus, he changed the name of the organization to Podemos and ran as its presidential candidate in the 2005 elections. He finished a distant second to current president Evo Morales of MAS (Movement Toward Socialism). It should be noted that even though Podemos is on the surface a new party, its structures, ideology, and supporters remain basically the same as those of the old ADN.
Leader: Jorge Quiroga
Founded: 1979 (ADN), 2005 (PODEMOS)
Ideology: Conservatism, Liberal conservatism, Bolivian nationalism, Departmental autonomy