El Partido Comunista de Cuba (PCC) es el único partido político legal en Cuba, fundado el 3 de octubre de 1965. El artículo 5° de la Constitución lo define como la «vanguardia organizada de la nación cubana, fuerza dirigente superior de la sociedad y del Estado, que organiza y orienta los esfuerzos comunes hacia los altos fines de la construcción del socialismo y el avance hacia la sociedad comunista». Guía de la Revolución cubana, es considerado el continuador de las tradiciones heroicas revolucionarias del pueblo cubano, contra el colonialismo español y contra el neocolonialismo imperialista de los Estados Unidos, y se proclama heredero del Partido Revolucionario Cubano (que fundó José Martí en 1892 para luchar por la independencia de Cuba ante España) y del Primer Partido Comunista (fundado por Julio Antonio Mella y Carlos Baliño). Utiliza la bandera nacional como su emblema y su logotipo plasmado dentro de un rectángulo de ángulos ovalados en línea de color rojo, presenta dos banderas que sobresalen de entre los brazos y armas en alto empuñados por el pueblo, representados aquí en color negro: una es la bandera roja, símbolo del proletariado y del carácter comunista del Partido, y la bandera cubana, símbolo de la patria, además sobre el color negro se incrusta las siglas PCC (Partido Comunista de Cuba), en color rojo siluetado en blanco.
Presidente: Raúl Castro
Fundación: 3 de octubre de 1965
Ideología política: Marxismo-leninismo, Comunismo
The Communist Party of Cuba is the governing political party in Cuba. It is a communist party of the Marxist-Leninist model. The Cuban constitution ascribes the role of the Party to be the "leading force of society and of the state". As of April 2011, the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba is Raúl Castro, the President of Cuba, younger brother of the previous First Secretary and President of Cuba, Fidel Castro, and the Second Secretary is José Ramón Machado Ventura.
The Communist Party of Cuba held its first Party Congress in 1975 and has had additional congresses in 1980, 1986, 1991 and 1997. The leading bodies of the party were the Politburo and the Secretariat until 1991 when the two bodies were merged into an expanded Politburo with over twenty members. The Secretariat, however, was re-introduced in 2002. There is also a Central Committee which meets between party congresses. At the Fifth Party Congress the size of the Central Committee was reduced to 150 members from the previous membership of 225.
Fidel Castro has been the party's First Secretary (or leader) since its inception and Raúl Castro is the party's Second Secretary.
Compared with other ruling Communist Parties, such as the Communist Party of Vietnam, the Communist Party of China and the Lao People's Revolutionary Party, the Communist Party of Cuba retains a stricter adherence to the tradition of Marxism-Leninism and the traditional Soviet model. The Cuban party is more deeply committed to the concept of socialism than other ruling parties and has been more reluctant in engaging in market reforms though it has been forced to accept some market measures in its economy due to the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the resultant loss of economic subsidies. The Communist Party of Cuba has favored supporting revolutions abroad and was active in assisting the ELN in Colombia, the FMLN in El Salvador, the Sandinistas in Nicaragua and Maurice Bishop's New Jewel Movement in Grenada. Their most significant international role was in Angola where the Cuban direction of a joint Angolan/Soviet/Cuban force that was involved in the Battle of Cuito Cuanavale. This led to the withdrawal of intervening forces and, in the following peace agreement, the independence of Namibia from South African rule.
It has largely been forced to retreat from this policy due to a lack of funds resulting from the halt of material aid from the Soviet Union. However, the party maintains a policy of sending thousands of Cuban doctors, agricultural technicians, and other professionals to other countries throughout the developing world. More recently the party has sought to support left wing leaders such as Hugo Chávez in Venezuela, and Evo Morales in Bolivia.
First Secretary: Raúl Castro
Second Secretary: José Ramón Machado
Founded: October 3, 1965
Headquarters: Havana, Cuba
Ideology: Communism, Marxism-Leninism