Mauricio Macri (Tandil, Argentina, 8 de febrero de 1959) es un político, empresario, dirigente deportivo e ingeniero civil argentino, líder del PRO (Propuesta Republicana). Desde 2007 es jefe de gobierno de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, cargo para el que fue reelegido en 2011.
Desempeñó durante 12 años (1995-2007) el cargo de presidente del Club Atlético Boca Juniors. Por una resolución de la Inspección General de Justicia (IGJ), nuevamente y de manera temporal, asumió la presidencia de la entidad deportiva, desde el 27 de febrero hasta el 1 de junio de 2008.
En 2003 fundó el partido Compromiso para el Cambio ―integrante de la alianza PRO (Propuesta Republicana)―, que preside desde entonces. Se desempeñó como diputado nacional por la Ciudad de Buenos Aires entre 2005 y 2007. En 2011 Macri renovó su mandato con el 64,25% de los votos.
En 2010, Macri volvió a expresar sus intenciones de ser candidato presidencial; y, si bien ratificó las mismas hasta bien entrado 2011, desistió en mayo de ese mismo año para competir por su reelección como jefe de gobierno de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires. En julio de 2011, luego de un ballotage con Daniel Filmus, obtuvo su reelección con el 64,25% de los votos.
Evolución de su imagen pública
En agosto de 2008, Macri apareció como el segundo político con mejor imagen del país, con 47,7%, detrás del Vicepresidente de la Nación Julio Cobos. La encuesta también señaló que Macri tenía su nivel más bajo de imagen positiva en la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, con un 40%.
En diciembre de 2009 la empresa Datamática realizó un relevamiento sobre la imagen de todos los gobernadores y el jefe de gobierno de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires. Macri resultó con la tercera peor imagen entre todos los evaluados, con un 58% de imagen negativa solo detrás de Celso Jaque y Cristina Fernández de Kirchner.
El 10 de julio del 2011 Mauricio Macri se presentó a la reelección jefe de gobierno y obtuvo en primera vuelta el 47% de los votos, frente al 28% de Daniel Filmus y el 13% de Fernando "Pino" Solanas pero no alcanzó para la elección directa, por lo que tuvo que dirimirse la elección en balotaje, en el que obtuvo el 64,3% frente al 35,75% del candidato oficialista Daniel Filmus. No obstante el triunfo electoral, la imagen positiva de Mauricio Macri sufrió una leve caída tras su procesamiento por asociación ilícita.
Mauricio Macri (born 8 February 1959) is an Argentine businessman turned politician, and Head of Government of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. Son of Francisco Macri, a businessman of Italian origin prominent in the industrial and construction sectors, he represented the City of Buenos Aires in the Lower House of Congress and has held his current office since 10 December 2007.
He was considered a potential candidate for the 2011 general elections, but declined to run for the presidency of the country but ran instead for reelection as mayor. He got nearly 47% of the vote in the mayoral election, leading to a runoff vote on 31 July 2011 against candidate Daniel Filmus.
In 2003 Macri made his political debut when he founded the centre-right party Compromiso para el Cambio (Commitment to Change), and later that year he ran for mayor of the City of Buenos Aires for his party. He won the first round of the election with 33.9% but lost the runoff election with 47% of the vote to his opponent Aníbal Ibarra.
In 2005, he joined Ricardo López Murphy of Recrear to create a right-wing electoral front called Propuesta Republicana (a.k.a. PRO) and successfully ran in the City of Buenos Aires for the Argentine Chamber of Deputies where he won with 33.9% of the votes. Throughout 2006 he alternated his political activities as deputy with his presidency of the soccer club Boca Juniors. During that year he was absent to a 70% of the polls at the Chamber of Deputies, something for what he was later widely criticized, to what he answered he didn't assist because the Congress "is a place where ideas are not debated".
In 2007 Macri was in discussions with right-conservative Jorge Sobisch, governor of Neuquén Province, ahead of the 2007 national elections. However, this agreement was in conflict with the previous alliance with Ricardo López Murphy who had decided to run for the presidency and had denounced Sobisch for corruption, providing as proof a video where Sobisch was bribing Jorge Taylor, deputy of the Radical party. Later that year, Sobisch image was severely damaged when the school teacher Carlos Fuentealba was killed during a syndical demonstration in Neuquén. In front of this situation, Macri immediately defused his agreements with Sobisch and remained neutral during the national elections of 2007.
In February 2007 Macri announced that he would run once again for the mayoral elections of the City of Buenos Aires in the 2007, heading the PRO slate with Gabriela Michetti as his running mate. In the first round of the election on June 2, 2007 he won with 45.6% of votes over the government-backed candidate, Daniel Filmus, who received 23.8% of votes. The incumbent Jorge Telerman, came in third place. The runoff election between Macri and Filmus took place on June 24, 2007, and resulted in Macri's victory with 60.96% of the votes.
Macri's victory was largely analyzed as a defeat for President Néstor Kirchner and turned the elected mayor into de facto leader of the right-wing opposition, which has remained fractured after the Argentine political crisis of late 2001. The perceived blow to Kirchner's political support was reinforced by the provincial elections on Tierra del Fuego, which took place on the same day, where another candidate backed by the national government lost to ARI's Fabiana Ríos.
Mauricio Macri made an alliance for the 2009 elections with Francisco de Narváez and Felipe Solá. The alliance was successful, as De Narvaez defeated Kirchner in the Buenos Aires province and Gabriela Michetti, Macri's candidate, won the elections in the city of Buenos Aires. Macri was thus considered as a likely candidate to dispute the presidency in the 2011 elections. However, the death of Néstor Kirchner improved the image of Cristina Kirchner, and the opposition fragmented into several candidacies.
Macri proposed to organize a great opposition front to run against Kirchner, but was unsuccessful.
In 2011, instead of running for the presidency, he ran for his reelection as mayor. He won the first rounds of the election on July 10, 2011, with 47.08% of votes against Filmus with 27.78% and Fernando "Pino" Solanas as main rivals, and won the runoff against Filmus again on July 31, now with 64.25% of the votes.
February 20, 2013