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Biografía Joseph Estrada

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Joseph Estrada Joseph Estrada
Joseph Estrada
Ang isang Pilipino politiko. Ang kasalukuyang Mayor ng Manila. | A Filipino politician. The Mayor of Manila since 2013.

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Joseph Estrada Biografía

FIL (Tagalog):


Si Jose Marcelo Ejercito (ipinanganak Abril 19, 1937), na mas kilala bilang Joseph Ejercito Estrada, o Erap ang ika-13 Pangulo ng Pilipinas mula 1998 hanggang 2001. Siya ay isang dating aktor at nagsilbi bilang alkalde, senador at pangalawang pangulo bago naging pangulo noong 1998. Siya ay napatalsik sa pagkapangulo noong 2001 matapos akusahan ng korupsiyon na humantong sa impeachment at pagpoprotesta ng mga tao sa tinatawag na "EDSA II". Siya ay nahatulang nagkasala sa kaso ng pandarambong at nahatulan ng Reclusión perpetua. Siya ay humiling ng kapatawaran at pinatawad ni Gloria Arroyo noong 2007.







Joseph "Erap" Ejercito Estrada (born Jose Marcelo Ejercito; April 19, 1937) is a Filipino politician who served as the 13th President of the Philippines from 1998 until 2001. Estrada was the first person in the Post-EDSA era to be elected both to the presidency and vice-presidency. He is the Mayor of Manila, the country's capital, after emerging as the victor in the 2013 mid-term elections.


Estrada gained popularity as a film actor, playing the lead role in over 100 films in an acting career spanning 33 years. He used his popularity as an actor to make gains in politics, serving as mayor of San Juan for seventeen years, as Senator for one term, then as Vice President of the Philippines under the administration of President Fidel V. Ramos.


Estrada was elected President in 1998 with a wide margin of votes separating him from the other challengers, and was sworn into the presidency on June 30, 1998. In 2000 he declared an "all-out-war" against the Moro Islamic Liberation Front and captured its headquarters and other camps. However, allegations of corruption spawned an impeachment trial in the Senate, and in 2001 Estrada was ousted by "People Power 2" after the prosecution walked out of the impeachment court when the Senator Judges voted no in the opening of the second envelope. The EDSA 2 protests resulted from the concerted efforts of political, business, military, and church elites who were displeased by Estrada's policies that included removal of sovereign guarantees on government contracts. In October 2000, the Daily Tribune reported about elite plans to "'constitutionally' oust President Estrada under 'Oplan Excelsis." Emil Jurado of the Manila Standard reported as early as 1999 about a PR demolition work designed to embarrass Estrada "by attributing to his administration all sorts of perceived faults and scams with the end in view of covering up anomalies and scams also committed during the Ramos administration." Former First Gentleman Mike Arroyo also admitted in an interview with Nick Joaquin that he and then-Ilocos Sur Gov. Chavit Singson and certain military officials plotted plans to oust Estrada in January 2001, with the alternative plan B being violent "with orders to shoot. And not only in Metro Manila."


In 2007, he was sentenced by the special division of the Sandiganbayan to reclusion perpetua for plunder, but was later granted pardon by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. He ran for president again in the 2010 presidential election, but placed second behind Senator Benigno Aquino III.




updated: 2013-07-19

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