El Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional (FSLN) es una organización política de izquierda revolucionaria creada en 1961 en Nicaragua por Carlos Fonseca Amador, Santos López, Tomás Borge, Germán Pomares Ordóñez y Silvio Mayorga. Se proclamó seguidor del movimiento emprendido por el líder nicaragüense Augusto C. Sandino (del que tomó el nombre de sandinista), el cual sostuvo una guerra de guerrillas contra la intervención estadounidense en su país durante los años de 1927 - 1933.
EL FSLN que nació originalmente como Frente de Liberación Nacional, FLN (imitando al Frente de Liberación de Argelia que emergió de la lucha anticolonialista de esa nación africana) e impulsado por el ejemplo de la Revolución Cubana; aunque sus principales integrantes, excepto Santos López, se identificaron rápidamente con una línea ideológica marxista leninista, corriente que se imponía en los movimientos de izquierda del mundo en aquel momento.
Forma parte de la Internacional Socialista, e internacionalmente se identificaba con las fuerzas socialdemócratas, laboristas y socialistas democráticas del mundo.
Presidente: Daniel Ortega Saavedra
Ideología política: Socialismo, Socialismo democrático, Progresismo, Marxismo-Leninismo, Sandinismo
The Sandinista National Liberation Front (Spanish: Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional, or FSLN) is today a social democratic political party in Nicaragua. Its members are called Sandinistas in both English and Spanish. The party is named after Augusto César Sandino who led the Nicaraguan resistance against the United States occupation of Nicaragua in the 1930s.
The FSLN overthrew Anastasio Somoza Debayle in 1979, ending the Somoza dynasty, and established a revolutionary government in its place. Following their seizure of power, the Sandinistas ruled Nicaragua from 1979 to 1990, first as part of a Junta of National Reconstruction. Violeta Barrios de Chamorro, but they retained a plurality of seats in the legislature.
Following the resignation of centrist members from this Junta, the FSLN took exclusive power in March 1981. They instituted a policy of mass literacy, devoted significant resources to health care, and promoted gender equality. A militia, known as the Contras was formed in 1981 to overthrow the Sandinista government and was funded and trained by the US Central Intelligence Agency. In 1984 elections were held and described as free and fair by international observers but were boycotted by some opposition parties. The FSLN won the majority of the votes, and those who did oppose the Sandinistas won approximately a third of the seats. Despite the clear electoral victory for the Sandinistas, the Contras continued their violent attacks on both state and civilian targets, until 1989. After revising the constitution in 1987 and after years of resisting the United States-supported Contras the FSLN lost the election in 1990 to
The FSLN remains one of Nicaragua's two leading parties. The FSLN often polls in opposition to the Constitutional Liberal Party, or PLC. In the 2006 Nicaraguan general election, former FSLN President Daniel Ortega was re-elected President of Nicaragua with 38.7% of the vote compared to 29% for his leading rival, bringing in the country's second Sandinista government after 16 years of the opposition winning elections. Ortega and the FSLN were re-elected again in the presidential election of November 2011.
Leader: Daniel Ortega
Ideology: Democratic socialism, Left-wing nationalism, Sandinismo, Social democracy
12th Dec 08