Evelyn Rose Matthei Fornet (Santiago, 11 de noviembre de 1953) es una licenciada en economía, académica y política chilena, miembro del partido Unión Demócrata Independiente (UDI).
En 1988 entró a militar en el partido de centroderecha Renovación Nacional (RN), al cual renunció en 1993, luego de conocerse su participación en un escándalo político conocido como Piñeragate, protagonizado por Sebastián Piñera, siguiendo como independiente hasta 1999, cuando ingresó a la UDI, partido de derecha donde actualmente milita.
Fue electa diputada en 1989, por el distrito 23 (Las Condes, Vitacura y Lo Barnechea, Región Metropolitana de Santiago) y, reelecta por el distrito 15 (San Antonio, Región de Valparaíso) en 1993.
En 1997 fue electa senadora de la República por la circunscripción 4 (Región de Coquimbo) y reelecta por la misma en 2005, desempeñándose como presidenta de la Comisión de Hacienda del Senado, desde 2009, siendo la primera mujer en ocupar ese cargo; sin embargo, no concluyó su último periodo senatorial, pues fue designada ministra del Trabajo y Previsión Social por el presidente Sebastián Piñera, el 16 de enero de 2011, cargo al que renunció el 20 de julio de 2013, para asumir una candidatura presidencial, en reemplazo del renunciado Pablo Longueira.
Es actualmente la candidata presidencial para las elecciones de 2013 del pacto Alianza, que integra a los partidos oficialiastas –Renovación Nacional y Unión Demócrata Independiente–, además de independientes de centroderecha, siendo la primera mujer de la derecha política chilena en ser candidata a la presidencia de la República, en toda su historia.
Evelyn Rose Matthei Fornet (born November 11, 1953) is a Chilean economist and politician who served as Minister of Labor and Social Security under Chilean President Sebastián Piñera until July 2013. She is currently the Independent Democrat Union Party's nominee for President of Chile in the 2013 elections.
Matthei began her career as a lecturer at the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile, before working in management in the private sector. Following Chile's return to democracy in 1989, she successfully ran for Deputy of the 23rd Electoral District the year after. Matthei remained in Congress, serving another term as Deputy and being elected Senator twice before she was appointed to the Cabinet in 2011.
Besides her political career, Matthei is also an accomplished pianist.
Matthei entered Chilean politics in the late 1980s, after the military government relaxed control over political activity. She joined National Renewal party's youth group called Patrulla Juvenil.
In 1990 she was National Renewal's candidate for Deputy for the 23rd Electoral district. Matthei was tapped as a potential Presidential candidate for the center-right Democracy and Progress Coalition. However, following a highly publicized wire-tapping scandal in 1993 known as Piñeragate, involving her and fellow presidential hopeful, Sebastián Piñera, she was forced to desist from her presidential bid. Disgusted with the way National Renewal leaders dealt with the scandal, she resigned from the party and continued her political career as an independent until 1999.
In 1994 she opted to run for Deputy of the 15th Electoral District of San Antonio, winning the seat as an independent with support from the Independent Democrat Union (UDI) party. Upon completion of her term, Matthei was elected senator in 1997, representing the Coquimbo Region, being re-elected in 2005. Minister of Labor and Social Security by President Sebastián Piñera.
In 1999 she joined the Independent Democrat Union. As Senator she became the first woman to preside over the Senate Budget and Oversight Committee. Matthei resigned from her seat in January 2011 when she was appointed
As Minister, Matthei gained notoriety for her fiery personality and was the center of several heated exchanges with members both of the governing coalition and the opposition. Her relatively liberal views on abortion, same-sex marriage and tax reform deepened a growing rift with her own party, and in March 2013 she confided that she had decided to quit politics following completion of her term as Minister.