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Biografía Enrique Peña Nieto

> Mexico > Políticos > Partido Revolucionario Institucional > Enrique Peña Nieto
Enrique Peña Nieto Enrique Peña Nieto
Enrique Peña Nieto
Un político y abogado mexicano, el presidente de México desde 2012. | A Mexican politician and the current President of Mexico.
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Enrique Peña Nieto Biografía

ESP:

 

Enrique Peña Nieto (n. Atlacomulco, Estado de México, 20 de julio de 1966) es el presidente de México desde el 1 de diciembre de 2012. Abogado por la Universidad Panamericana y maestro en administración de empresas por el Instituto Tecnológico y de Estudios Superiores. Miembro del Partido Revolucionario Institucional desde 1984.

 

Previo a la presidencia, se desempeñó políticamente como subcoordinador financiero de la campaña de Arturo Montiel Rojas; secretario particular del titular de la Secretaría de Desarrollo Económico del gobierno del Estado de México (1993-1998); fue Secretario de Administración del gobierno del Estado de México (2000-2002); diputado local por el distrito XIII en la LV Legislatura del Congreso del Estado de México siendo coordinador de la fracción parlamentaria del Partido Revolucionario Institucional.

 

Entre 2005 y 2011 fue gobernador del Estado de México tras lo cual contendió por la presidencia de México en las elecciones federales de 2012 llevadas a cabo el 1 de julio de 2012, en representación de la alianza electoral Compromiso por México que agrupaba al Partido Revolucionario Institucional y al Partido Verde Ecologista de México. Resultando electo y siendo ratificado por el Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial de la Federación el 29 de agosto de 2012, tras la impugnación presentada. Tomó posesión el 1 de diciembre de 2012.

 

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ENG:

 

Enrique Peña Nieto (born 20 July 1966) is a Mexican politician and the current President of Mexico. His six-year term began in 2012. He is a member of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) and served as governor of the State of Mexico from 2005 to 2011. Peña Nieto was declared president-elect after the 2012 general election was declared valid by the Federal Electoral Tribunal, amidst some accusations of electoral fraud. He took office on 1 December 2012, succeeding Felipe Calderón as president thereby marking the return to power of the party that ruled Mexican politics for 71 consecutive years.

 

Peña Nieto announced his presidential candidacy in September 2011, four days after leaving office as governor. He formally registered in November 2011. Peña Nieto garnered 38% of the votes and does not hold a legislative majority. His election marked the return of the PRI after a twelve-year hiatus. The PRI had governed Mexico uninterrupted for 71 years until it was defeated by the National Action Party (PAN) in 2000.

 

The return of the PRI was not welcomed by everyone. Marches against Peña Nieto drew tens of thousands of people across Mexico, particularly from the Yo Soy 132 student movement, who protested supposed voting irregularities and alleged media bias. Others protested that during its time in power, the PRI became a symbol of corruption, repression, economic mismanagement, and electoral fraud. Many Mexicans and urban dwellers worried that its return to power may signify a return to Mexico's past. Peña Nieto promised that his government will be much more democratic, modern and open to criticism. He also pledged to continue the fight against organized crime and drug trade and that there will be no pacts with criminals.

 

The rule of the PAN was marked by an inability to pass reform and the party lacked a congressional majority. The PRI touted that it "knows how to govern", an argument compelling enough for many voters to support the party. Throughout the election Peña Nieto maintained a wide lead in the polls. Peña Nieto proposed that he will reinvigorate Mexico's economy, permit the national oil company, Pemex, to compete in the private sector, and reduce drug violence that has left more than 55,000 dead in six years. In 2013, he was ranked 37th in Forbes Magazine's List of The World's Most Powerful People.

 

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December 20, 2012

updated: 2014-02-01

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